In 1968, the Ford Foundation began to fund minority enterprise and other social investments using a new tool, the Program-Related Investment (PRI). The breadth of activities that PRIs funded extended to both inner city and rural environments.


Issues in Philanthropy

Supporting Economic Justice? Ford’s 1968 PRI Experiment

How the largest US foundation began supporting market-based projects in the late 1960s.


Assistant Director of Research and Education, Rockefeller Archive Center