Topic: Race

New Research: Black Conservatives, Climate Policy, African Universities, and Aid to Intellectuals

Research reports drawing on several Rockefeller Archive Center collections span continents, disciplines, and eras.

Black Education and Rockefeller Philanthropy from the Jim Crow South to the Civil Rights Era

Applying a vast fortune to the American race problem, but with decades of false assumptions and well-intended approaches that fell short.

In Brief: The South African Institute of Race Relations

How did a US foundation manage to work under apartheid?

Who Belongs in the Boy Scouts? Philanthropy’s Support for Black Scouting

How a new foundation helped one of America’s oldest youth organizations become more racially inclusive.

In Brief: James Baldwin’s Creative Writer’s Fellowship

How a foundation provided the final ingredient to an era-defining novel.

Ted Watkins and the Rockefeller Foundation: An Unlikely Partnership

How a charismatic community activist from Watts challenged a foundation’s civil rights strategy.

Photo Essay: Supporting Minority Enterprise in the late 1960s

In 1968, the Ford Foundation began to make social investments using a new tool borrowed from the for-profit world, the Program-Related Investment.

The Origins of the Rockefeller Foundation Equal Opportunity Program

How a simple grant request seeded the launch of a full program addressing inequality.

elementaChildren of diverse ethnic backgrounds get ready to go inside their school, two hold hands

Can Data Drive Social Change? Tackling School Segregation with Numbers

In the years before Brown v. Board, a philanthropic fund hoped research and data would turn the tide on attitudes toward segregation.

The Rockefeller Foundation Confronts School Inequality

A college prep program increased admissions rates for at-risk students, but it also raised larger questions about systemic inequality.