Incorporated in 1923 with funding from John D. Rockefeller, Jr., the IEB built a major scientific network in Europe and the US in only five years.
A massive program in nursing education extended to 53 schools across the globe. But it never became a top priority of the foundation that supported it.
At midcentury, Rockefeller Foundation staffers hoped new technologies might find solutions to complex problems.
Two decades of funding helped legitimize the study of psychiatry as a medical issue, not a problem of character.